APJ Abdul Kalam was the eleventh President of the Republic of India (2002-2006). Kalam began his career as a scientist. Later APJ. Abdul Kalam (A.P.J. Abdul Kalam) was eventually elected President of the People’s Republic of Secular India. Kalam was born in Rameshwaram, now in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. APJ A.P.J. Abdul Kalam studied physics at St. Joseph’s College and aeronautical engineering at Madras Institute of Technology (MIT). Forty years later APJ. Abdul Kalam (A.P.J. Abdul Kalam) worked mainly as a scientist and science administrator at the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) and the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO).
At present, India is considered as one of the most powerful countries in the world. The credit for this goes only to Dr. Abdul Kalam, the former President of India. Who has spent his whole life in the name of India. Dr. Kalam has given a new identity to India in the field of science and technology all over the world. Prior to becoming President, Dr. Kalam worked as an astronomer at ISRO and DRDO. APJ Abdul Kalam has been dubbed the Missile Man for making India self-sufficient in ballistic missile and launch technology. Today we will give information about all those things. Which was discovered by former President of India APJ Abdul Kalam. Let us tell you the complete information in detail.
1- Prithvi-1 missile
The Prithvi-1 missile was first launched on February 25, 1988. The missile was tested on Dhamra Island in Odisha under the supervision of Abdul Kalam. These missiles are capable of carrying weapons weighing 500 to 1000 kg. Its range is 200-250 km. After Prithvi (I) on 27 January 1996, Prithvi (II) and Prithvi (III) missiles were also successfully launched on 23 January 2004. Prithvi Missile-1 was tested on an island off the coast of Dhamra in Orissa under the supervision of Abdul Kalam.
2- Bahamas missile
The BrahMos is a supersonic cruise missile. It can be launched not only from a submarine but also from a ship, aircraft, or land. The speed of the BrahMos key is 2.8 Mach, which is thought to be equal to the speed of sound. Its range is 290 km. It is capable of carrying 300 kg of heavy weapons. The most important thing about BrahMos is that it can change its direction in the air. It can hit any moving target. The first Bahamas test was on June 12, 2001. It is specially designed for the Indian Army and Navy.
3- Agni-1 missile
The Agni-1 missile was tested on January 25, 2002. Home-made surface-to-surface nuclear-capable missiles have a range of 800 to 900 kilometers. It is a medium-range ballistic missile. It is capable of carrying nuclear warheads up to 1000 kg. Agni-I is fitted with a special navigation system, which ensures that the missile reaches its target with precision. After Agni-1, Agni-2, Agni-3, Agni-4 missiles have also been successfully launched.
4- Trishul missile
The Trident is thought to be a surface-to-air missile. It is capable of hitting the air from the ground even from a short distance. Its range is 9 km. The missile was tested at Chandipur Range, 180 km from Bhubaneswar on the east coast of India. The missile was launched by a mobile launcher during the test. The specialty of this missile is that it works in water, land, and air.
DRDO has developed ‘Akash Missile’ made with indigenous technology. The missile can target enemy aircraft in the air up to 40 kilometers away and at an altitude of 18,000 meters. It has the ability to disable fighter jets, cruise missiles, and surface-to-air missiles as well as ballistic missiles. Built at a cost of Rs 2 crore, the Akash missile is fully operational and is capable of protecting convoys as well.
6- Snake missile
The Nag is a third-generation missile. This indigenous missile is also known as Proserpina. Anti-tank missiles. Its range is 500 meters to 4 km. It is one of the 5 missile systems in the country, developed by DRDO. Made at a cost of around Rs 3.2 crore, the ‘Nag’ is also called ‘Fire and Forget’ anti-tank missile, as it does not need to be redirected once launched.
Under the direction of Abdul Kalam, these 6 multi-purpose missiles put India in a strong position in front of other rich countries of the world.
May 11 is one of the most memorable days in the history of Indian science and technology. On this day in 1998, India successfully tested an atomic bomb in Pokhran, Rajasthan. Consisted of a combination of five bombings, one with a fusing device and the other with a fissure.
Pokhran 1 was tested in 1974. The amazing thing about the Pokhran 2 test is that it was done in complete secrecy because no one noticed it and it was done by guessing blind spots and avoiding unmanned drones and CIA satellites. As well as deadlines.
A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Education Life
As the days go by, Kalam has to study in school. His father was a scholar and used to recite Sanskrit literature to Abdul. He also heard many stories of Abdul Ramayana and Mahabharata from the mouth of his mother and grandmother. In this way the tradition of culture flowed in his heart. He was admitted to Rameshwaram Elementary School. Besides, he sat on the bench and took classes with his devout Brahmin son. Eat the same food in tiffin. Something happened here. Kalam was then a fifth grader. He wore a hat on his head. This hat could be seen in the APJ. Abdul Kalam (A.P.J. Abdul Kalam) is a child of a Muslim family. He always sat on the first bench in class. One day, a hardline teacher removed Abdul from the first bench. Abdul could not accept this insult for a long time. Later, however, the master realized his mistake. He again called Abdul to the first bench.
At that time small social groups existed in Rameshwaram. Power struggles between members of one group and members of another group continued. Shiva Subrahmanyam Ayyar, a science teacher at the school, wanted to raise the banner of rebellion against this discrimination. Ayar was Abdul’s favorite teacher.
Kalam grew up. Grew up in the culture of the village. Madrasi loved to eat food, bananas, rice and sambar. Chutney with lentils. The distance from Abdul’s house to the famous Shiva temple at Rameshwaram is very short. APJ used to go to that temple from time to time. Abdul Kalam (A.P.J. Abdul Kalam).
When you close your eyes, the picture of childhood floats up. After understanding the spiritual discussions of the father with the chief priest of Rameshwaram temple, Pakshilchaman Shastri, APJ can still hear. Abdul Kalam (A.P.J. Abdul Kalam). The Muslim father and the Hindu priest are discussing the same subject after wearing two kinds of clothes.
Growing up, Abdul asked his father, “Does prayer have a different meaning?”
Dad said listen, Abdul, prayer has a different value. There is a soul in every human being. The connection of the body with the soul is established by prayer.
Kalam later said that my father’s spiritual thoughts were of a simple rural nature. He used to say that everyone in this world is a part of divine existence. God Himself resides in all.
This time Kalam came to the larger educational arena. Admitted to Stowaz High School. He was no longer seen with his childhood friends. As a teenager, Kalam realized that this is how we become a lone traveler on the path to eternal life. I remember many of these high school students. He will never forget Yadurai Solomon, the teacher there. Seeing him, Kishore Kalam thought that he was probably a celibate in the Vedic age. Has devoted himself to the exploration of student life.
Solomon turned Kalam into a man of action. This teacher taught Kalam three main mantras. In order to be successful in life, one must possess the three qualities of desire, faith and optimism. Desire is the first dawn of a dream. If the seed of desire is not heated in the mind, then we will never see the tree of success. The second watch is faith. You have to have unwavering confidence in your sense of duty. We need to have faith and trust in God.
In the last watch, optimism awoke. Without hope, foresters would not be able to conquer space today.
Solomon later became the Reverend. He told Kalam that before you can complete a task successfully, you have to create a desire for that task. I have to say again and again in my mind, that this work will be done by me. I was born on this earth to accomplish this work.
Another word from the teacher would inspire Kalam. As he taught, he often said, “By faith, you can change your destiny.”
Kalam later proved this to be true in his own life. Despite being a child of an ordinary family, he has brightened the face of India in the world assembly.
A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Work Life
In 1970, he joined the Defense Research and Development Organization of India (DRDO) as a scientist. His career began with the design of a small Indian Army helicopter. But he quickly emerged. He joined the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). He was deeply involved in the project of building advanced military missiles with indigenous technology. He has been called India’s ‘Missile Man’ for his significant contribution to the development of PSLVs and SLV3 rockets carrying spacecraft and satellites. His contribution in bringing India on par with the nuclear powers is undeniable. In 1998, he was the chief project coordinator of the Pokhran-II project on nuclear weapons testing.
He established himself as one of the foremost scientists in the country. Entering the arena of politics. To stand for the post of President and to be elected to that post. Involved in various controversial activities as President. Today Kalam has become a great man to us by doing many ideal local works to keep himself above the political parties. Even today he sometimes goes to different places to give speeches. Wherever he went, his teacher-like philosophy flourished.
In every sense, we can compare Kalam with an Indian sage. In life, he did not take the door. Lifelong celibate has lived like Tapas. That is why we pay our respects to him. In the history of Indian culture, APJ. We must identify Abdul Kalam as a brilliant personality.
A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Prizes
Honors at a Glance: Padma Bhushan (1981) Padma Bhushan (1990) Distinguished Fellow of the Institute of Directors (India) (1994) Bharat Ratna (1997) Indira Gandhi Award (1996) Bir Savarkar Award (1997) Ramanujan Award (2000) University of England Doctorate (2006) King Charles to Medal (2006) Honorary Doctorate from Aligarh Muslim University (2006) Honorary Doctorate from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (2007) (2009) Honorary Doctorate from the University of Waterloo, Canada (2010) Honorary Membership from the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (2011) Honorary Doctorate from Simon Fraser University, Canada (2012) Honorary Doctorate from the University of Edinburgh, England (2014).